Liberal Party (UK) | Wikipedia audio article

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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article:
Liberal Party (UK)

00:02:52 1 History
00:03:00 1.1 Origins
00:06:32 1.2 Gladstonian era
00:09:33 1.2.1 Ireland and Home Rule
00:11:00 1.2.2 The Newcastle Programme
00:12:09 1.2.3 Relations with trade unions
00:13:07 1.2.4 Reform policies
00:14:22 1.3 After Gladstone
00:15:17 1.4 Liberal factions
00:16:54 1.5 Rise of New Liberalism
00:20:03 1.6 Liberal zenith
00:25:03 1.7 Decline
00:28:43 1.8 Lloyd George as a Liberal heading a Conservative coalition
00:35:27 1.9 Splits over the National Government
00:38:33 1.10 Near extinction
00:40:30 1.11 Liberal revival
00:44:32 1.12 Alliance and Liberal Democrats
00:46:51 2 Ideology
00:50:03 2.1 Religious alignment
00:53:36 3 Liberal leaders
00:53:45 3.1 Liberal Leaders in the House of Lords
00:55:33 3.2 Liberal Leaders in the House of Commons
00:56:19 3.3 Leaders of the Liberal Party
00:57:17 3.4 Deputy Leaders of the Liberal Party in the House of Commons
00:58:20 3.5 Deputy Leaders of the Liberal Party in the House of Lords
00:58:53 3.6 Liberal Party Front Bench Team Members
00:59:14 4 Electoral performance
00:59:25 5 See also
01:00:04 6 Notes
01:00:13 7 Further reading
01:05:20 7.1 Primary sources
01:05:57 8 External links

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“The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing.”
– Socrates

The Liberal Party was one of the two major parties in the United Kingdom with the opposing Conservative Party in the 19th and early 20th centuries. The party arose from an alliance of Whigs and free trade Peelites and Radicals favourable to the ideals of the American and French Revolutions in the 1850s. By the end of the 19th century, it had formed four governments under William Gladstone. Despite being divided over the issue of Irish Home Rule, the party returned to government in 1905 and then won a landslide victory in the following year’s general election.
Under Prime Ministers Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman (1905–1908) and H. H. Asquith (1908–1916), the Liberal Party passed the welfare reforms that created a basic British welfare state. Although Asquith was the party’s leader, its dominant figure was David Lloyd George. Asquith was overwhelmed by the wartime role of coalition Prime Minister and Lloyd George replaced him as Prime Minister in late 1916, but Asquith remained as Liberal Party leader. The pair fought for years over control of the party, badly weakening it in the process. Historian Martin Pugh in The Oxford Companion to British History argues:

Lloyd George made a greater impact on British public life than any other 20th-century leader, thanks to his pre-war introduction of Britain’s social welfare system (especially medical insurance, unemployment insurance, and old-age pensions, largely paid for by taxes on high incomes and on the land). Furthermore, in foreign affairs, he played a leading role in winning the First World War, redrawing the map of Europe at the peace conference, and partitioning Ireland.The government of Lloyd George was dominated by the Conservative Party, which finally deposed him in 1922. By the end of the 1920s, the Labour Party had replaced the Liberals as the Conservatives’ main rival. The party went into decline after 1918 and by the 1950s won no more than six seats at general elections. Apart from notable by-election victories, its fortunes did not improve significantly until it formed the SDP–Liberal Alliance with the newly formed Social Democratic Party (SDP) in 1981. At the 1983 general election, the Alliance won over a quarter of the vote, but only 23 of the 650 seats it contested. At the 1987 general election, its share of the vote fell below 23% and the Liberal and Social Democratic parties merged in 1988 to form the Liberal Democrats. A splinter group reconstituted the Liberal Party in 1989. It was formed by party members opposed to the merger who saw the Liberal Democrats diluting Liberal ideals.
Prominent intellectuals associated with the Liberal Party include the philosopher John Stuart Mill, the economist John Maynard Keynes and social planner William Beverid …

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